There are several types of “arthritis”, the most common being osteoarthritis, which is a condition of cartilage degeneration from wear and tear on a joint.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome refers to entrapment of the median nerve at the wrist underneath the carpal ligament.
Carpometacarpal Joint Arthritis
Arthritis of the carpometacarpal joint (thumb joint) is the most common form of osteoarthritis affecting the hand.
De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis
De Quervain’s tenosynovitis is a painful condition affecting the tendons on the thumb side of your wrist (tendons making up the first dorsal compartment of the wrist).
Ganglion cysts are noncancerous lumps that most commonly develop along the tendons or joints of your wrists or hands and are typically round or oval and are filled with a jelly-like fluid.
Metacarpophalangeal Joint Arthritis
Arthritis is the wearing away of the cartilage at a joint. Cartilage is the coating layer of tissue on the end of a bone that acts as a shock-absorber. The large joints in the hand at the base of each finger are known as the metacarpophalangeal (MP, or MCP) joints.
Neuritis simply means inflammation of a nerve. Nerves can be irritated as a result of nerve damage. Nerve damage often causes weakness, numbness and pain.
Thumb arthritis occurs when the cushioning cartilage wears away from the adjoining ends of the bones that form your thumb joint.
Trigger finger is also known as stenosing tenosynovitis. The pathology is irritation of the A1 pulley of the finger which occurs by the MCP joint.